Turkish Airlines can trace its history back to 1933 but became Türk Hava Yollari (THY) in 1956. Their first jet, a DC-9, joined in 1967 and during the late 60s the airline experienced a period of major growth. Only a year after receiving a trio of new 707s in 1971 the first widebodies joined the fleet in the form of three DC-10s. THY at the time was notorious for delays and safety issues and the first of the DC-10s, TC-JAV, crashed outside of Paris in 1974 killing all 346 onboard. This was however not the fault of the airline but of the aircraft, when a faulty cargo door opened in flight. A similar issue had almost caused the loss of an American Airlines in 1972, but terribly the issue was not fixed until the massive loss of life near Paris.
The DC-10s were originally delivered in a natural metal bellied finish. See here AIRLINERCAFE.COM - Forums - Lost Schemes: #76 Türk Hava Yollari A.O. DC-8-43 (1963) for an in-depth discussion of THY's jet age growth and the colour schemes worn. The light grey bottom of the Aeroclassics release, TC-JAY, was the scheme from 1978 onwards. It would be nice to see some THY aircraft in the pre-1978 schemes.
The remaining pair of DC-10s operated with THY until late 1987 when they joined THY’s subsidiary: BHT Bogazici Hava Tasimaciligi.
TC-JAY had also served a lease to Nigeria Airways in 1980. Sold to Federal Express in 1990 this aircraft was converted to a freighter and became N68059. She was converted to an MD-10 in 2007 however in April 2012 she was retired and ferried to Victorville for scrapping.
I'm Richard Stretton: a fan of classic airliners and airlines who enjoys exploring their history through my collection of die-cast airliners. If you enjoy the site please donate whatever you can to help keep it running: