The island nation of Malta, with its strategic position in the Med, has throughout its history been a waypoint for a succession of powers from the Phoenicians to the Arabs to the Knights of St John and most recently of course the British. Famously during World War Two the entire island was awarded the George Cross during the long siege undertaken by Axis forces and had become known as Fortress Malta. Nowadays independent as the Republic of Malta the island is primarily a tourist destination drenched in a warm climate and thousands of years of history.
It was standard in the 1970s for Air Malta to require seasonal extra summer capacity or lease in extra equipment when the 720s were in for maintenance. The equipment chosen was diverse, from a pair of Convair 880s through much of Boeing's early products and a DC-9. Two 720-047Bs were leased at different times from the Icelandic airline Eagle Air Arnasflug in 1978 and a 720-051B was leased from Maersk Air in 1980. The CV-880s wore a annoymised Cathay Pacific scheme but several of the others wore closer to the full Air Malta scheme. The 727-173C N692WA for example wore full colours although her lease was only for 6 months.
In 1980 a new era dawned for Air Malta as 3 737-200s were leased from Transavia. Their success led to fleet renewal with new owned 737-2YF Advanceds and the 720s were gradually retired, although the last survived into 1989. The number of leased aircraft appears to have dramatically fallen during the early 1980s, perhaps due to the expansion in its own fleet. Up until 1983 Air Malta had concentrated on scheduled services but from 1983 it expanded into IT charters and the success of these operations necessitated the return of seasonal leases from 1986.
These usually utilised Boeing 727-200s from sources as varied as Dan Air, Gulf Air Transport (the US airline not the Middle-Eastern one), Faucett and JAT! The new programme however began with the airline's 4th 707 lease and its first 707-320C. This was CS-TBU from TAP Air Portugal.
1986 seems to be late to be leasing in a passenger 707 and it is curious as to why Air Malta didn't look to source something more modern like an A300 or 757. I assume the lease rates for these newer types was simply too high. CS-TBU had begun her career with the FAP Força Aérea Portuguesa (Portugese Air Force) as CS-DGJ (or 8802 as her military rego). Portugal was actually only the third military customer for the 707 (after the USAF and Luftwaffe) acquiring a pair of 707-3F5Cs in 1971 in passenger/VIP configuration.
Portugal at the time was under the Estado Novo dictatorship but this was overthrown during the April 1974 Carnation Revolution. I expect the VIP 707s were something of an embarrassment after that and both were converted to standard passenger config and delivered to TAP in October 1976. CS-DGJ became CS-TBU 'Jaime Cortes'.
TAP already had a fleet of 707-382Bs as well as a pair of ex-BCal 707-399Cs and an ex-World Airways 707-373C so the pair of 3F5Cs no doubt fitted in easily enough although apparently their internal layout was unusual. This aircrat was leased to Nigeria Airways in late 1979 but otherwise remained with TAP until the Maltese lease. She was obviously satisfactory to Air Malta as she served for two seasons before 727s were brought in for subsequent years. By 1988 Air Malta's charter services carried 680,000 passengers annually.
Four of TAP's 707s were sold in the early 90s to the Aeronautica Militare Italiana (Italian Air Force) including both the 707-3F5Cs. This guaranteed further long service and CS-TBU (as MM62151) saw service until her last operational flight on April 3, 2008. She was transferred to Lackland-San Antonio Air Force Base presumably for use in keeping the USAF KC-135 fleet in the air.
Interestingly only a few years after operating a passenger 707 Air Malta had new Airbus A320s in service following the order of a single example through ILFC in 1987 which was delivered in 1990. The airline has since operated further 737 classics but the A320 remains the core of the fleet as it battles to remain relevant in the face of increasing LCC encroachment at its Valetta hub.
2001. Vomhof, Klaus. Leisure Airlines of Europe. Scoval Publishing Ltd
Air Malta. RZjets.net
2004. Air Malta 707s. Airliners.net
23/1/2018 10:19:26 pm
Just an addition to the 3F5C's history..they were bought when Porraland still had Angola and Mozambique as colonies and the locals were rebelling. Portugal still had conscript armies pre-1974 and were previously reliant on old DC6's and Noratlases to replenish and repatriate their soldiers in Africa. As African countries became independent they started denying Porra AF landing and overflying rights in mainland Africa and the old 6's and Nor's didn't have the legs to make it around the bulge of Africa to Sao Tome or Luanda from Ilha do Sal (Much like SAA) so were forced to buy jets that could do it one stop from porraland. Thus the 2 707's were bought primarily to ferry conscripts and supplies to Angola and Moz. The 74 coup ended that and once all the troops were home the 707's were not needed and transferred to TAP.
23/1/2018 10:28:08 pm
Awesome Paul. Thanks I was unaware of those details
23/1/2018 10:44:51 pm
Pleasure squire. As a rider once the pork and cheeses dumped the colonies they abandoned numerous DC3, 4 & 6 and Noratlas here on the southern tip of Africa (With many obsolete piston engine "fighters" such as armed Harvards) that were just too expensive to get home. Angolan and Moz. AF started with those abandoned aircraft (And seized CR- reg civil aircraft) in 75, The (shhh) Rhodesian AF also sent clandestine teams into Ang & Moz to "steal" some frames and successfully restored and flew them until way after 81 when Mad Bob Mugabe took over..
23/1/2018 10:27:55 pm
Nicely written! Some other wet leased aircraft in Air Malta livery that come to mind included G-BHOX and G-BHOY from Monarch, YU-ANI 737-300 from JAT, an A320 from Adria, CS-TGL ATP from SATA, ZK-NAE 737-200 Air NZ and even Tristar EI-TBU, but the latter was not painted, despite staying a season. A 737-500 and 737-700 were also leased from Maersk fro a season. In 1999 it dry-leased 737-300 PH-OZB from Air Holland and in 2001 a pair of A319s from Lufthansa. Neither of these was painted to Air Malta colours
2/2/2018 03:59:00 am
A truly fascinating and well resesrched article.
17/3/2021 07:18:09 pm
Fantastic write up but where can I get a model 707? Been looking but can’t seem to find any.
17/3/2021 08:58:10 pm
These models by Aeroclassics tend to sellout almost immediately so eBay is your best bet for this one.
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I'm Richard Stretton: a fan of classic airliners and airlines who enjoys exploring their history through my collection of die-cast airliners. If you enjoy the site please donate whatever you can to help keep it running: