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To ensure that its aims in Japan continued to be met Lockheed went one step further than merely bribing people. It took up the employment of Yoshio Kodama, a distinctly unsavoury character. This man was not only heavily connected with organised crime but after the end of World War Two had even been imprisoned for three years as a Class A war criminal. Needless to say he was also a leader in ultra-nationalist politics. Kodama pocketed about $7 million for his actions which included sending gangs of thugs to disrupt ANA stockholder meetings, classic Yakuza extortion tactics and slandering the ANA president Tetuso Oba who was forced to resign. Kodama even installed Oba's replacement. He was never prosecuted for his actions but was found liable for more than $6 million worth of tax evasion.
Tanaka was arrested on July 27, 1976 but not found guilty until October 12, 1983. He wasn't however convicted on bribery, just on violation of foreign currency exchange control laws and he never served his 4 year sentence (due to lengthy appeals and his eventual death in 1993). He even still managed to get re-elected to the diet! In fact Tanaka is still held in high regard by the Japanese who don't seem too bothered by this kind of institutional corruption.
In the US the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) was passed in 1977 largely because of Lockheed's abuses. Lockheed chairman of the board Daniel Haughton and vice chairman and president Carl Kotchian resigned from their posts on February 13, 1976.
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1976 Church, F. Lockheed: Corporation or Political Actor?
Gerber, Jerg; Jense, Eric. Encyclopedia of White-collar Crime
2006. Airliners.net. The ANA L-1011 Story
2011. Quah, John S.T. Curbing Corruption in Asian Countries: An Impossible Dream?